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Spanish alphabet

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Learn the basics about the Spanish alphabet. We’ll be releasing other lessons about phonetics in the future to improve your comprehension of this matter.

A few things to note about the Spanish alphabet. The Spanish alphabet is also called “abecedario”, consists of 27 letters, 22 consonants and 5 vowels. The Spanish language is written using the Spanish alphabet, which is the latin script with one additional letter: eñe “ñ”. If you listen carefully to the audio, you will recognise two extra sounds; two intruders, “che” y “ll”. These two letters were part of the alphabet long time ago. They are called digraphs and we do have 3 more, “rr” (“doble erre”), “gu” (“gu+i //gu+e”) and “qu” (“qu+a // qu+e”). We will study them later on. For now, just pay attention to the sounds.

Sounds of the Spanish alphabet

A, a

(a)
agua ( Water)

B, b

(be)
beso ( kiss)

C, c

(ce)
casa ( home, house)

CH, ch

(che)
coche ( car)

D, d

(de)
dedo ( finger)

E, e

(e)
elefante ( elephant)

F, f

(efe)
fama ( fame)

G, g

(ge)
gema ( gem)

H, h

(hache)
hoy ( today), mute sound

I, i

(i)
idioma ( language)

J, j

(jota)
jefe ( boss)

K, k

(ka)
kilo ( kilo)

L, l

(ele)
lugar ( place)

LL, ll

(elle)
llamar ( to call)

M, m

(eme)
mismo ( same)

N, n

(ene)
nariz ( nose)

Ñ, ñ

(eñe)
español ( Spanish)

O, o

(o)
olivo ( olive)

P, p

(pe)
paz ( peace)

Q, q

(cu)
querer ( to want)

R, r

(erre)
Roma (Rome)

S, s

(ese)
sabio ( wise)

T, t

(te)
tema ( theme)

U, u

(u)
uno ( one)

V, v

(uve)
vaca ( cow)

W, w

(uve doble)
Newton ( Newton, person name)

X, x

(equis)
Xilófono ( Xylophone)

Y, y

(i griega)
yogur ( yoghurt)

Z, z

(zeta)
zebra ( zebra)

 

Download table in PDF

Listen to all sounds together

Spanish alphabet: Lesson structure

Ok, let’s continue. Now that you know the Spanish alphabet, why don’t we try to spell some words in Spanish ? Let’s put it all together using the following structure.

preguntaicono¿Cómo se dice «house» en español?

(How do you say house in Spanish?)

Casa.

¿Cómo se escribe?
(How do write it?)

Ce, a, ese, a.

 

Try now to spell your name in Spanish, is it difficult?

I am sure that you can follow this structure without any problem:

– Hola
– ¿Cómo estás?
– Bien, gracias.
– ¿Cómo te llamas?
– María
– ¿Cómo se escribe?
– eme-a-erre-i-a.

Have you noticed a new structure ? If so, maybe it is time for you to go into the next lesson to figure it out.

Come on! Let’s continue to the next lesson.


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